Pig-Tailed Macaque

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Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cercopithecidae Macaca Macaca nemestrina
Pigtail macaque
IUCN Status: Vulnerable
  • Common Names: Pigtail macaque, Sundaland pig-tailed macaque, Sunda pig-tailed macaque
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1766
  • Monkey Size: 46.7 to 56.4 cm (18.39 to 22.20 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Light brown
  • Habitat: Rainforest
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Native Countries: Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia

Pigtail macaque Distribution

Pig-Tailed Macaque Characteristics

Pig-Tailed Macaque

The pig-tailed macaque[1] (Macaca nemestrina), also called the Sundaland pig-tailed macaque and Sunda pig-tailed macaque is a medium-sized macaque native to southern Thailand, Indonesia, and Malaysia.

  • It is locally known as Berok. Pig-tailed macaques have light brown hair that covers their body and a white belly.
  • The hair on the crown is dark brown or black in color and grows as if it has a depression in the crown. Males have mane-like hair around their faces.
  • Pig-tailed macaques also have long legs and hairless snouts.
  • These macaques are born black in color and change their color during adulthood. They are sexually dimorphic, with males being larger.
  • Females are about half the size of males.

Macaca Nemestrina

What Do pigtail macaques Eat?

Pigtail Macaque

The Internal Journal of Primatology describes that the pigtail macaque feeds on[¶]:

  • Weeping Fig (Ficus benjamina).
  • Council Tree (Ficus altissima).
  • Plum Mango (Bouea oppositifolia).
  • Styrax (Styrax benzoin)
  • Pulasan (Nephelium lappaceum)
  • Fig (Ficus)
  • Apel En Wai (Syzygium jambos).
  • Mango (Mangifera indica)
  • Langsat (Lansium domesticum)
  • Malabar Melastome (Melastoma malabathricum).
  • Duhat (Syzygium cumini)

Pig-Tailed Macaque Facts

Pigtail Macaque

  • Pig-tailed macaques get their name from their morphology. Their short, semi-erect tails resemble pigtails, earning them the nickname “pig-tailed” macaques.
  • They live in groups with several males and females. The females stay with the natal troop, making it a female-bound society.
  • Males are more socially dominant than females. However, groups of female species will gang up on a male species and attack him.
  • Pig-tailed macaques are diurnal and spend most of their time in trees and only 8.4 percent[2] on the ground.
  • Some researchers refer to these macaques as silent monkeys because they seem so quiet.

Suggested Reading: All Kinds of Monkeys

Cite This Page

BioExplorer.net. (2023, June 01). Sunda Pig-Tailed Macaque. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/pig-tailed-macaque/.
BioExplorer.net. "Sunda Pig-Tailed Macaque" Bio Explorer, 01 June 2023, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/pig-tailed-macaque/.
BioExplorer.net. "Sunda Pig-Tailed Macaque" Bio Explorer, June 01 2023. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/pig-tailed-macaque/.
Key References
  • [1]“Manually Fix”. Accessed November 07, 2022. Link.
  • [2]“Asian Primates Journal 1(2), 20092 THE POPULATION DISTRIBUTION OF PIG-TAILED MACAQUE (Macaca nemestrina) AND LONG-TAILED MACAQUE (Macaca fascicularis) IN WEST CENTRAL SUMATRA, INDONESIA”. Accessed November 07, 2022. Link.
  • [¶] – Fricke, E.C., Svenning, J. Accelerating homogenization of the global plant-frugivore meta-network. Nature 585, 74-78 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2640-y.
  • [¶] – fgabriel1891/Plant-Frugivore-Interactions-SouthEastAsiaAlbert A. Hambuckers A. Culot, L. Savini, T. Huynen, M.C. 2013. Frugivory and Seed Dispersal by Northen Pigtailed Macaques (Macaca leonina), in Thailand. Int. J. Primatology 34:170-193


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