Anatomy

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Division of Biology: Anatomy

Anatomy is a branch of science concerned with the study of structure in animals, human beings and living organisms. Human anatomy is a segregated subject of study.

Anatomy of any living orgahnisms other than the human body is termed as ‘Zootomy’. Speaking of living organisms, plants are also classified as living objects.

However, instead of referring to the anatomy of plants as Zootomy, it is known as Phytotomy. In general, the term ‘Anatomy’ is coined from two Greek words ‘Ana‘ and ‘Tome‘ meaning “up” and “a cutting“.

Earlier, anatomy was virtually understood as dissection. However, researches and studies have remodeled the concept of anatomy over the decades, defining dissection a crucial part of the anatomy and not the subject as a whole.

best anatomy and physiology books

14 Best Anatomy and Physiology Books

Whether you are an aspiring biologist, a future surgeon or a passionate young vet – anatomy and physiology would be an integral part of your curriculum. Here is the list of the 14 best anatomy and physiology books.
Organs on the left side of the body

17 Major organs on left side of body

The human body is known to display symmetry. When you divide the body into two, each side would be the exact copy of the other. While this is true in the case of the external human body, the organization of the internal organs is different. Discover the 17 major organs on the left side of the body.
Respiratory System Fun Facts

25 BEST Respiratory System Fun Facts

The air we breathe, rich in oxygen, is filtered and taken up by the respiratory system. Explore the top 25 best respiratory system fun facts here.
Types of Nerve Cells

Explore Different Types of Nerve Cells

The nervous system is a network of interconnecting structures composed of types of nerve cells called Neurons and Glial cells. Explore the nerve cell functions in detail.
Cells of the Epidermis

Explore The Cells of The Epidermis

The skin is one of the most important organs in the human body. Explore the 4 cells of the epidermis (types of skin cells), layers of skin, and their functions.
History of Anatomy

History of Anatomy

Anatomy is one of the oldest branches in medicine. The term anatomy comes from the Greek word anatome. See the complete history of anatomy timeline here.

Top 15 Anatomy & Physiology News In Innovations & Breakthroughs For 2017

There were several advancements, breakthroughs, and innovations in several fields of biology in 2017. In this article, let's glance over the top 15 anatomy and physiology related breakthroughs in 2017.
circulatory system fun facts

Top 25 Circulatory System Fun Facts

The heart is the central functional unit of the human body. Explore the top 25 circulatory system fun facts and learn the important functions of the heart.
Endocrine System Fun Facts

Top 25 Endocrine System Fun Facts

The endocrine system has different types of glands that secrete hormones that control the entire body. Explore the top 25 endocrine system fun facts here.
fun facts about digestive system

Top 25 Fun Facts About The Digestive System

The human digestive system is fascinating and extends over a long stretch in the human body. Explore top 25 interesting digestive system facts & functions.
Muscular System Facts

Top 25 Fun Facts About The Muscular System

The muscular system works alongside the skeletal system to keep the body aligned and completely functional. Here are the top 25 fun muscular system facts.
fun facts about the skeletal system

Top 25 Fun Facts About The Skeletal System

The Skeletal system forms the human skeleton that supports the body and allows for movement. Explore the top 25 Fun Facts about the human skeletal system here.
Top Immune System Fun Facts

Top 25 Immune System Fun Facts

The immune system is broadly divided into 2 types (the innate immune system & the adaptive immune system). Find the top 25 immune system fun facts on this page.
Integumentary System Facts

Top 25 Integumentary System Facts (Skin Fun Facts)

The skin is the human body’s first line of defense against microorganisms, parasites and the environment in general. In this page, we explore the top 25 interesting facts about the integumentary system.
Reproductive System Fun Facts

Top 25 Reproductive System Fun Facts

In mammals, the reproduction invariably requires the fusion of 2 distinct cells called gametes. Let us explore the top 25 reproductive system fun facts here.
Top Anatomy News in 2018

Top 26 Anatomy & Physiology News in 2018

The advances in clinical medicine show us that our bodies still hold many secrets. Here are the top 26 anatomy and physiology news in 2018 (discoveries and breakthroughs).
Fun facts about nervous systems

Top 38 Fun Facts About The Nervous System

The nervous system is a complicated web of nerve fibers and cells that run to & from the brain. Here are the top 38 fun facts about the nervous system.
types of bone cells

Types of Bone Cells

The bones are a core component of a living body that holds the structure of muscles and organs. Learn the three types of bone cells, their history, structure, and functions.

Types of Anatomy

Since anatomy is elucidated as the identification of physical structures in living things, it is broadly classified into two categories. Let us quickly take a look at these categories and understand the concept well.

  • Gross Anatomy – Better known as Macroscopic anatomy, gross anatomy refers to the study of biological structures that are easily viewed with naked eyes. Sometimes gross anatomy is also called topographical anatomy. Parts of the body like heart, bones, eyes, and lungs are very much visible to our naked eyes. The study of such structures defines the concept of gross anatomy. Speaking of study, the concept of dissection ropes in. In anatomy, cutting open a human cadaver to observe and record structural details is easy. However, in gross anatomy, studies can be performed using non-invasive procedures. For example, in Endoscopy, a simply tube is inserted into the body fitted with a camera in the end. This is enough to observe the physical structure of the living organism inside. X-Ray, Angiography and MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) are other examples of performing gross anatomy using non-invasive methods.
  • Microscopic Anatomy – Right as the name suggests, microscopic anatomy deals with the study of cells and tissues of living organisms that are impossible to be viewed with naked eyes. Since learning about tissues and cells require procedures like sectioning or cutting up the tissue in small, delicate slices and staining to enhance the color of the tissues and cells for better distinguishing, microscopic anatomy is also called histology. The study of cells under microscopic observation is often termed as cytology.

Careers Associated with the Study of Anatomy

Cite this article as: "Anatomy," in Bio Explorer by Jack Kirsten, November 23, 2014, https://www.bioexplorer.net/divisions_of_biology/anatomy/.

Resources

Here are the excellent resources on anatomy from around the web.

Anatomy of the Human Body

Gray, Henry. 1918. Anatomy of the Human Body. Link

Anatomy and Physiology Encyclopedia

Encyclopedia resource provides articles on topics covered under Anatomy and Physiology. Link

Anatomy Module List

Homepage for the University of Washington Department of Radiology, with online textbook, teaching files, anatomy learning modules, and continuing medical education (CME). Link

Anatomy of the Pelvis and Perineum

Illustrates the anatomy of the pelvis and perineum through fluoroscopic imaging. Link

Atlas of Human Anatomy in Cross Section

A color atlas of cross sectional anatomy in the axial plane which serves as an anatomic reference text. Link

Echocardiography

Cardiac Infarct, Arterial Hypertension, Gallery of images from echocardiography, join of all texts to facilitate its interpretation. Capture, processing and visualization of medical images. Link

Echocardiography Tutorials

Simple, easy to understand tutorials on echocardiography. Link

Histology of skeletal, neural and vascular tissue.

Bone, primary visual cortex and blood vessel cells are highlighted in relation to skeletal metabolism, vision and processing of the visual scene by the brain and vascular histopathology respectively. Link

Histology-World!

A comprehensive, fun and entertaining site devoted exclusively to histology. Learning histology was never so enjoyable! This site includes histology quizzes, histology games, slides, mnemonics, histology puzzles and tons of information about histology. One of the best histology sites on the internet! Link

Human Anatomy Online – InnerBody.com

The place for fun, interactive and educational views of the human body. Link

National Biological Labs

The models offered by National Biological Labs to the health science professionals, educational institutions, and law fields, are the finest available. Link

The Digital Anatomist Project

The Digital Anatomist Project is motivated by the belief that anatomy is the basis of all the biomedical sciences (including clinical medicine). Manifestations of health and disease can be regarded as attributes of anatomical structures ranging in size from molecules to body parts. Therefore our goal is to represent anatomy in a comprehensive and consistent way, which should meet the needs of all biomedical applications that require anatomical knowledge. Link

The Visible Human Project

The Visible Human Project is an outgrowth of the NLM’s 1986 Long-Range Plan. It is the creation of complete, anatomically detailed, three-dimensional representations of the normal male and female human bodies. Link

Three dimensional medical reconstruction

This is a collection of movie clips, showing various medical reconstructions. These images are derived from slice data from a variety of medical image modalities such as MR or CT. The two-dimensional slice data from these scanners is used as input for the three-dimensional reconstructions. Link

Anatomy
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