Olive Baboon

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cercopithecidae Papio Papio anubis
Olive Baboon
IUCN Status: Least-Concern
  • Common Names: Olive Baboon, Anubis Baboon
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1827
  • Monkey Size: 48 to 76 cm (18.90 to 29.92 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Olive Green
  • Habitat: Desert or dune, savanna or grassland, forest, rainforest, and scrub forest
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Native Countries: Mali, Ethiopia, Tanzania

Olive Baboon Distribution

Olive Baboon Characteristics

Olive Baboon

The Olive baboon[1] (Papio anubis), also called the Anubis baboon, is a species of the Cercopithecidae family of Old-World Monkeys.

  • The species is the most widespread of all baboons, native to 25 countries in Africa and ranging east from Mali to Ethiopia & Tanzania.
  • Olive baboons also have some isolated populations in Sahara mountainous regions. The olive baboon gets its name from its fur, a greenish-gray hue from a distance.
  • Up close, its fur is multi-colored due to the tan and black rings in the hair. Olive baboon’s facial hair is coarser, ranging from dark gray to black.
  • Although males have longer hair, this skin coat coloration is common to both sexes.
  • Like other baboon species, Olive baboons exhibit sexual dimorphism in terms of weight, build, and canine size; Males average 70 cm (28 in) when standing, and females are 60 cm (24 in).

Olive Baboon

What Eats Olive Baboons?

What Eats Olive Baboons?

The primary predators of Olive baboons are Leopards (Panthera pardus), Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), Lions (Panthera leo), African Hunting Dogs (Lycaon pictus) and Spotted Hyenas (Crocuta crocuta)[§].

Olive Baboon Facts

Papio Anubis

  • Its alternate name – Anubis baboon – comes from the Egyptian god Anubis, who was often depicted with a dog’s head that resembled the baboon’s dog-like snout.
  • The Olive baboon is one of the largest monkey species; only the Chacma baboon and the Mandrill reach similar sizes.
  • Female dominance is hereditary, daughters rank almost on a par with their mothers, and adult females form the core of the social system.
  • Groups can often break apart when they grow so large that competition for resources becomes problematic, but even then, members of the matrilines tend to stick together.
  • Although the species are hierarchical, they appear to be “democratic” when setting the direction of the collective movement. However, troop members are more likely to follow when multiple decision-makers agree on the direction to follow rather than simply following dominant individuals.

Cite This Page

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BioExplorer.net. (2022, December 07). Olive Baboon. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/olive-baboon/.
BioExplorer.net. "Olive Baboon" Bio Explorer, 07 December 2022, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/olive-baboon/.
BioExplorer.net. "Olive Baboon" Bio Explorer, December 07 2022. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/olive-baboon/.
Key References
  • [1]“Olive baboon – Wisconsin National Primate Research Center – UW-Madison”. Accessed November 06, 2022. Link.
  • [§] – Middleton, O.S, Svensson, H, Scharlemann, J.P.W, Faurby, S, Sandom, C.J. CarniDIET 1.0: A database of terrestrial carnivorous mammal diets. Global Ecology and Biogeography. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13296. Craig, Christie A., Eleanor I. Brassine, and Daniel M. Parker. “A record of cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) diet in the Northern Tuli Game Reserve, Botswana”. African Journal of Ecology55.4 (2017): 697-700.

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