Guinea Baboon

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cercopithecidae Papio Papio papio
Guinea Baboon
IUCN Status: Nearly-Threatened
  • Common Name: Guinea Baboon
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1820
  • Monkey Size: 50.8 to 114.3 mm (20.00 to 45.00 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Reddish-brown
  • Habitat: Savanna or grassland, forest, rainforest
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Native Countries: Guinea, Senegal, Gambia, Mauritania, Mali

Guinea Baboon Distribution

Guinea Baboon Characteristics

Guinea Baboon

The Guinea baboon[1] (Papio papio) is a baboon of the Old World monkey family.

  • Some (older) classifications only list two species of the Papio genus, this one and the Hamadryas baboon.
  • The fur of Papio papio is reddish-brown in color with a considerable geographic variation.
  • Those individuals from the western part of the range are lighter and conspicuously red than those from the eastern part, where the individuals are darker and more tan.
  • Unlike many other baboon species, the Guinea baboon characteristically displays the same coat color on the cheeks, back, arms, and abdomen.
  • Individual hairs have multiple color bands and a wavy texture. The skin on the face of this species is purplish-black.
  • The moderate amount of visible hairless skin around the anal area in males is pink in color.
  • Female anogenital skin changes color based on reproductive status and age.

Guinea Baboons

Guinea Baboon Facts

Papio Papio

  • When walking, these baboons support their weight on the bottom of their toes in front and on the entire sole of their feet.
  • The social structure of Guinea baboons is apparently complex, similar to that of Hamadryas baboons.
  • Resting sites are significant limiting factors in the dispersal and movement of baboons. Consequently, Guinea baboons mainly sleep in large kapok trees or palm trees.
  • Unlike Chacma baboons (P. ursinus), which often sleep in burrows, Papio papio appears to enter burrows to lick the walls. This geophagy may be a means for animals to obtain essential salts.
  • Among the vocalizations of Guinea, baboons are several loud calls that can be heard over great distances and quieter calls that are typically used in more intimate settings.

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BioExplorer.net. (2022, December 04). Guinea Baboon. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/guinea-baboon/.
BioExplorer.net. "Guinea Baboon" Bio Explorer, 04 December 2022, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/guinea-baboon/.
BioExplorer.net. "Guinea Baboon" Bio Explorer, December 04 2022. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/guinea-baboon/.
Key References
  • [1]“Guinea Baboon Facts and Information | SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment”. Accessed September 17, 2022. Link.

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