How To Become A Pediatrician?

How to become a pediatrician?

A pediatrician is a medical specialist that deals with illnesses in children from birth up to adulthood. In this page, explore different types of pediatricians, how to become a pediatrician and required educational qualification and average salary information.

Types of Pediatricians

According to the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP), there are several subspecialties within Pediatrics:

Types of Pediatrician

Adolescent Medicine Physician

The Adolescent Medicine doctor is committed to providing clinical care to teens and their families through specialty teen clinic programs. These doctors specially trained in the Eating Disorders Program, the Substance Abuse Program, Young Families Program, and Transgender Youth Clinic (with Endocrinology).

Pediatric Cardiologist

A Pediatric cardiologist is a medical professional specialized in diagnosing and treating heart problems in children. The common specialty areas include advanced imaging methods (MRI/CT/Ultrasound), heart catheterization procedures, electrophysiology (EP), heart failure & heart transplant, and Adult Congenital Heart Disease (ACHD) conditions.

Child Abuse Pediatrician

​Child abuse pediatricians are medical doctors with specific training, experience, and skills in diagnosing children who may be victims of abuse or neglect.

Pediatric Critical Care Medicine specialist

Pediatric critical care specialists deal with children from birth through their teen years. These medical professionals provide unique medical care in PICUs for children who are very sick.

Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrician

The developmental-behavioral pediatrician is a medical doctor who specializes in treating kids with developmental, learning, and behavioral problems. These doctors provide treatments from both medical as well as psychosocial aspects.

Pediatric Emergency Medicine

Pediatric Emergency Medicine is the branch of medicine specialized in acute health care to children of all ages. They perform triage, stabilization, diagnosis, treatment, and appropriate follow-up care for emergencies.

Pediatric Endocrinologist

A pediatric endocrinologist is a medical doctor who diagnoses and treats children with diseases of the endocrine system (diabetes and growth disorders).

Pediatric Gastroenterologist

Pediatric gastroenterologists are the medical doctors trained to perform diagnostic tests of a child’s digestive system by examining biopsies (tissue samples).

Pediatric Oncologist

A pediatric oncologist is another type of pediatrician who specializes in research and treatment for cancers in infants, toddlers, children, adolescents, and teenagers.

Suggested Reading: How To Become An Oncologist?

Pediatric Hospital Medicine

Pediatric hospitalist is a sub-specialty within pediatrics who performs his/her job primarily in hospitals. Generally, these doctors care for children in pediatric wards, labor and delivery rooms, the newborn nurseries, the neonatal intensive care units, and the pediatric intensive care units.

Pediatric Infectious Diseases

Pediatric infectious disease specialist provides inpatient consultation and treatment for children requiring secondary/tertiary/quaternary Paediatric services.

Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine Specialist

Neonatologists are one of the types of pediatricians who diagnose and treat newborns with breathing disorders, infections, and congenital disabilities.

Pediatric Nephrologist

Pediatric nephrologists are medical doctors who diagnose and treat kidney-related disorders. The disorders include urinary tract infections, kidney failure, high blood pressure, and inherited kidney diseases in children.

Pediatric Pulmonologist

A pediatric pulmonologist diagnoses, treats, and manages children from birth to 21 years old with breathing and lung-related diseases.

Pediatric Rheumatologist

A pediatric rheumatologist is a healthcare professional who specializes in diagnosing and treating children with rheumatic diseases, especially arthritis.

How to Become a Pediatrician?

In order to become a pediatrician, one should:

  • Graduate high school with a good GPA.
  • Complete a 4-year Bachelor’s degree with a required number of courses in Biology, Chemistry, and Math.
  • Pass the Medical college admission test (MCAT).
  • If you study at an osteopathic school, you would need to pass the United States Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination (COMLEX-USA).
  • Obtain a degree in medicine or osteopathic medicine (M.D. or D.O.).
  • Join a three-year residency in pediatrics.
  • Get licensed by the American Board of Pediatrics in General Pediatrics.
  • Join a fellowship in a pediatric subspecialty. There are 15 subspecialties, including but not limited by:

Average Salary for Pediatricians

An average salary for a pediatrician in the USA is between $181,100 and $208,000 per year.

Cite This Page

APA7MLA8Chicago (2023, September 30). How To Become A Pediatrician?. Bio Explorer. "How To Become A Pediatrician?" Bio Explorer, 30 September 2023, "How To Become A Pediatrician?" Bio Explorer, September 30 2023.

Key References

  • “How to Become a Pediatrician|Pediatrician Education by State”. Accessed December 24, 2019. Link.
  • “United States Medical Licensing Examination ®”. Accessed December 24, 2019. Link.
  • “The Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination, COMLEX-USA: a new paradigm in testing and evaluation | The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association”. Accessed December 24, 2019. Link.
  • “Finding the Right Residency”. Accessed December 24, 2019. Link.
  • “Admission Requirements | The American Board of Pediatrics”. Accessed December 24, 2019. Link.
  • “Subspecialty Certifications & Admission Requirements | The American Board of Pediatrics”. Accessed December 24, 2019. Link.
  • “Pediatrician Salary Information | US News Best Jobs”. Accessed December 24, 2019. Link.


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