West Javan Langur
Image: Wikimedia
Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus Trachypithecus mauritius
West Javan Langur
IUCN Status: Vulnerable
  • Common Name: West Javan Langur
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1821
  • Monkey Size: 44 to 65 cm (17.32 to 25.59 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Glossy black
  • Habitat: Forest, rainforest, mountains
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Native Countries: Indonesia

West Javan Langur Distribution

West Javan Langur Characteristics

West Javan Langur

The West Javan langur[1] (Trachypithecus mauritius) is an Old-World monkey of the Colobinae subfamily.

  • It was previously considered a subspecies of Trachypithecus auratus until Roos and Groves raised it to its own species. Its range is limited to the island of Java west of Jakarta.
  • West Javan langurs have shiny black hair over most of their bodies, fading to dark brown on their legs and belly.
  • Their hair extends in all directions around their face giving them the appearance of having beards, long sideburns, and bangs.
  • Like other langurs, they have a very long tail than their body. Babies are born with bright orange fur that darkens to black with age.
  • Females have yellow pubic spots; this and a slight difference in overall size is the only form of sexual dimorphism exhibited by the West Javan langurs.

West Javan Langur Facts

  • Studies suggest that the bright orange color of babies is an evolved trait that helps females in a group recognize an individual in need of attention. In addition, the bright colors of baby hair trigger parental instincts in adults, ensuring that the group’s youngest and most vulnerable members are protected and cared for.
  • West Javan langurs communicate acoustically with an alarm call described as “ghek-ghok-ghek-ghok“.
  • These langurs typically live in groups consisting of one or two males, usually 5 or 6 females. However, there may be as many as 20 females in a group.
  • Adults spend more than half of the day resting (61 percent, according to one study), longer than most frugivorous primates.
  • They have hollowed-out stomachs that help them break down plant matter that would otherwise be difficult to digest.

Suggested Reading: Monkey Species List

Cite This Page

BioExplorer.net. (2023, October 02). West Javan Langur. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/west-javan-langur/.
BioExplorer.net. "West Javan Langur" Bio Explorer, 02 October 2023, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/west-javan-langur/.
BioExplorer.net. "West Javan Langur" Bio Explorer, October 02 2023. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/west-javan-langur/.
Key References
  • [1]“West Javan Ebony Langur, Trachypithecus mauritius | New England Primate Conservancy”. Accessed November 01, 2022. Link.


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