Toque Macaque

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cercopithecidae Macaca Macaca sinica
Toque Macaque
IUCN Status: Endangered
  • Common Name: Toque Macaque
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1771
  • Monkey Size: 36.7 to 49.5 cm (14.45 to 19.49 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Golden or orange-brown to yellowish or olive
  • Habitat: Forest, scrub forest
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Native Countries: Sri Lanka

Toque Macaque Distribution

Toque Macaque Characteristics

Toque Macaque

The toque macaque[1] (Macaca sinica) is a red-brown Old World monkey endemic to Sri Lanka, known as the rilewa or rilawa.

  • The fur that covers the upper part of toque macaques varies in color depending on the subspecies.
  • Coloration generally ranges from golden or orange-brown to yellowish or olive. Their furry undersides are white, and tufts of white fur protrude from the monkeys’ large, scalloped, prominent black ears.
  • The long tail is dark above and pale white below. An elongated, hairless muzzle gives way to a prominent chin; the narrow lips are black.
  • With age, the female species’ face becomes pink (hues range from pale to light, almost red). This pink coloration is particularly evident in the dry-zone toque macaques.
  • The males have dull brown, hairless faces. One of the toque macaques’ most distinctive features (if not the most striking) is their scruffy, unkempt hairstyle.
  • Nature has created a blatant hair tangle on every monkey’s head. As a result, this decorative lace has been likened to a brimless cap (referred to as a “toque“).
  • Like their fur, the coloration and exaggeration of their spiral hairdo differ depending on the subspecies and region in which these monkeys live.

Macaca Sinica

What Do Toque Macaques Eat?

What Do Toque Macaques Eat?

The Toque Macaque diet includes[¶]:

  • Golden Shower (Cassia fistula).
  • Clustertree (Ficus racemosa)
  • Indian Ash tree (Lannea coromandelica).
  • Tamarind (Tamarindus indica)
  • Lac Tree (Schleichera oleosa).
  • Chastetree (Vitex)
  • Duhat (Syzygium cumini)
  • Mahua (Madhuca longifolia)
  • Roxburgh’s Cassia (Cassia roxburghii).
  • Indian Banyan (Ficus benghalensis).
  • Hazel Sterculia (Sterculia foetida).
  • Horn Of Plenty (Datura metel).
  • Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus)
  • Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera).

Toque Macaque Facts

Toque Macaque

  • Its common name refers to the strand of hair on its head that resembles a brimless hat.
  • ​Toque macaques are excellent swimmers and dive underwater to search for their favorite plants.
  • They tend to make friends with other species. For example, it is typical for macaques living near humans to become friends with and groom the family pet.
  • When sensing danger, these monkeys use both hands to stuff food into their cheek pouches for later eating and flee to nearby trees for safety.
  • Toque macaques are social animals living in family groups of multiple males and females called “troops“. Troop sizes range from 8-40 people, with an average troop size of 21.

Suggested Reading: All Kinds of Monkeys

Cite This Page

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BioExplorer.net. (2022, December 06). Toque Macaque. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/toque-macaque/.
BioExplorer.net. "Toque Macaque" Bio Explorer, 06 December 2022, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/toque-macaque/.
BioExplorer.net. "Toque Macaque" Bio Explorer, December 06 2022. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/toque-macaque/.
Key References
  • [1]“Toque Macaque | Mammals in Sri Lanka | Dilmah Conservation”. Accessed November 08, 2022. Link.
  • [¶] – Fricke, E.C., Svenning, J. Accelerating homogenization of the global plant-frugivore meta-network. Nature 585, 74-78 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2640-y.

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