Mantled Howler Monkey

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Atelidae Alouatta Alouatta palliata
Mantled Howler
IUCN Status: Vulnerable
  • Common Name: Mantled Howler
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1849
  • Monkey Size: 38 to 58 cm (14.96 to 22.83 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Black
  • Habitat: Forest, rainforest
  • Diet: Herbivorous
  • Native Countries: Honduras, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala

Mantled Howler Distribution

Mantled Howler Monkey Characteristics

Mantled Howler Monkey

The Mantled howler monkey[1] (Alouatta palliata) is a species of howler monkey, a New World monkey native to South and Central America.

  • It is among Central America’s most commonly seen and heard monkey species in the wild.
  • These South American monkeys have large and stocky black fur, and most individuals have long saddles of brown or yellow fur.
  • Long mantled hairs are on its flanks, earning the common name “mantled” howler monkey.
  • The face is bare, black, and bearded, and the prehensile tail has a bare pad on the underside near its base.
  • Males have a distinctive white scrotum, weigh 6-7 kg, and generally have longer beards than females.
  • Adult females typically weigh 4-5 kg ​​, and juveniles weigh 0.4 kg and appear silver to a golden brown.
  • The adult tail size of these howlers ranges from 520 to 670 mm and body length from 380 to 580 mm.

What Do Mantled Howlers Eat?

Alouatta Palliata

Being herbivorous, the Mantled Howler feeds on many plants including:[¶]:

  • Cedro Macho (Aralia excelsa).
  • Strawberrytree (Muntingia calabura)
  • Gumbo Limbo (Bursera simaruba).
  • Breadnut (Brosimum alicastrum)
  • False Chiggergrape (Coccoloba venosa).
  • Guarumo (Cecropia obtusifolia)
  • Chirimoya (Annona spraguei)
  • Pumpwood (Cecropia peltata)
  • Abas (Psidium guajava)
  • Conejo (Protium tenuifolium)
  • Panama Hat Plant (Carludovica palmata).
  • Amate (Ficus obtusifolia)
  • Panama Tree (Sterculia apetala).
  • False Coffee (Faramea occidentalis).
  • Guarumo Amarillo (Cecropia longipes).
  • Jagua (Genipa americana)
  • Guabo Pachón (Inga goldmanii).
  • Requia Colorada (Trichilia cipo).
  • Icecreambean (Inga edulis)
  • Mango (Mangifera indica)
  • Star Apple (Chrysophyllum cainito).
  • Angelica Tree (Dendropanax arboreus).
  • Smooth Manjack (Cordia laevigata).
  • Hogplum (Spondias mombin)
  • Pachiuba (Socratea exorrhiza)
  • Malaysian Apple (Syzygium malaccense).

Mantled Howler Monkey Facts

What Do Mantled Howlers Eat?

  • The species gets its name “mantled” from the long, protective hairs on its sides.
  • In general, mantled howler monkeys lead a strictly conservative life, which may be related to diet and feeding style as they spend most of their time foraging.
  • There is a sexual variation in locomotion style, with males climbing less, jumping more, and preferring a high canopy compared to females.
  • Mantled howler monkeys maintain linear hierarchies and display complex interactions within the social group.
  • Group size varies between 10 and 20 members, usually 1 to 3 adult males and 5 to 10 adult females.

Suggested Reading: Various Other Monkeys

Cite This Page

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BioExplorer.net. (2022, October 02). Mantled Howler Monkey. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/mantled-howler-monkey/.
BioExplorer.net. "Mantled Howler Monkey" Bio Explorer, 02 October 2022, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/mantled-howler-monkey/.
BioExplorer.net. "Mantled Howler Monkey" Bio Explorer, October 02 2022. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/mantled-howler-monkey/.
Key References
  • [1]“The Systematic Status of the Black Howler Monkey, Alouatta pigra Lawrence on JSTOR”. Accessed August 17, 2022. Link.
  • [¶] – Fricke, E.C., Svenning, J. Accelerating homogenization of the global plant-frugivore meta-network. Nature 585, 74-78 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-2640-y.
  • [¶] – fgabriel1891/Palm-Frugivore_Interactions_Neo-AfrotropicsWright, S. J.; Duber, H. C.. 2001. Poachers and forest fragmentation alter seed dispersal, seed survival, and seedling recruitment in the palm Attalea butyraceae, with implications for tropical tree diversity. Biotropica. 583-595
  • [¶] – fgabriel1891/Palm-Frugivore_Interactions_Neo-AfrotropicsMyers, Ronald L.. 2013. Predation, removal and seed dispersal in a wetland dominated by palms (Arecaceae).. Revista De Biologia Tropical. 67-85
  • [¶] – fgabriel1891/Palm-Frugivore_Interactions_Neo-AfrotropicsBeckman, Noelle G.; Muller-Landau, Helene C.. 2007. Differential effects of hunting on pre-dispersal seed predation and primary and secondary seed removal of two neotropical tree species. Biotropica. 328-339
  • [¶] – fgabriel1891/Plant-Frugivore-Interactions-SouthEastAsia10.1111/j.1749-4877.2012.00316.x
  • [¶] – fgabriel1891/Plant-Frugivore-Interactions-SouthEastAsiaFleming, T. Breitwisch, Whitesides, G. 1987. Patterns of Tropical Vertebrate Frugivore Diversity. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, Vol. 18.

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