Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cercopithecidae Theropithecus Theropithecus gelada
Gelada Baboon
IUCN Status: Least-Concern
  • Common Name: Gelada Baboon
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1835
  • Monkey Size: 50 to 74 cm (19.69 to 29.13 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Brown
  • Habitat: Savanna or grassland
  • Diet: Herbivorous
  • Native Countries: Ethiopia

Gelada Baboon Distribution

Gelada Characteristics


The gelada[1] often called the gelada baboon, or the bleeding-heart monkey, is an Old-World monkey found only in the Ethiopian highlandsand living at 1, 800 to 4, 400 meters (5, 900 to 14, 400 feet) above sea level.

  • Male Gelada baboons weigh an average of 20.25 kg. Members of both sexes have short faces and wide nostrils.
  • They have short brown fur, and both males and females have a bare pectoral patch that is usually triangular and fringed with white hairs.
  • The size and color of this spot depend on hormonal changes in women of both sexes. Both sexes have light eyelids that are used for expression.
  • Males are characterized by the presence of whiskers and a hairy brown coat.


Gelada Facts

Theropithecus Gelada

  • Geladas aren’t territorial, and it is not unusual to find congregations of separate groups foraging together when conditions are favorable.
  • They live in troops of one male with several females and their young. These groups are known as one male unit (OMUs).
  • Geladas use visual cues like facial expressions and posture to communicate.
  • Tactile communication between companions, foster partners, and mothers and their offspring can be essential in maintaining social bonds.
  • There appears to be some chemical communication in this species, as males sometimes sniff the red breast patch of females in heat.

Suggested Reading: Species of Monkeys

Cite This Page

APA7MLA8Chicago (2024, April 14). Gelada. Bio Explorer. "Gelada" Bio Explorer, 14 April 2024, "Gelada" Bio Explorer, April 14 2024.
Key References
  • [1]“Gelada | African Wildlife Foundation”. Accessed September 04, 2022. Link.


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