François Langur

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cercopithecidae Trachypithecus Trachypithecus francoisi
Francois' Langur
IUCN Status: Endangered
  • Common Name: Francois’ Langur
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1898
  • Monkey Size: 40 to 76 cm (15.75 to 29.92 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Black
  • Habitat: Forest, rainforest
  • Diet: Herbivorous
  • Native Countries: China, Vietnam

Francois’ Langur Distribution

François’ Langur Characteristics

François Langur

The François langur[1], also called the white side-burned black langur, François leaf monkey, or Tonkin leaf monkey, is a species of Lutung and the type species of its species group.

  • With slender bodies, François’ langurs are acrobatic and agile monkeys. However, their dark, hairy forms look like mere shadows as they climb and descend gray karst cliffs and leap between the trees that jut out from their sheer ledges.
  • Slender limbs and long, muscular fingers are their best insurance against a fatal slip and fall down the side of their mountain huts.
  • A tail longer than their torso gives them incredible balance. The skin on their face, feet, and hands is as black as their fur.
  • Above a gull-shaped brow bone, a tuft of hair rises to a triangular point. Their ears, also colored black, are bordered at the top with glossy white fur that stretches down their cheeks in the form of white sideburns, their most distinctive feature.
  • Also, females have a distinctive patch of white fur near their genitals.

François’ Langur Facts

  • The François langur is among the least studied langur species.
  • Some scholars call them François lutungs; “Lutung” is a Sundanese word for “blackness“.
  • They take long breaks between meals to digest their high-cellulose meals.
  • Perched high on the shady ledges of the karst mountains, out of reach and sight of most predators, they live with more than enough security to relax.
  • To find their way around their habitat, Francois’ langurs have evolved into exceptionally sure-footed and agile monkeys.
  • They are fiercely social creatures, adept at maintaining generally peaceful group politics. This is accomplished through affiliative and pro-social behaviors, such as allogrooming.

Suggested Reading: Different Breeds of Monkeys

Cite This Page

APA7MLA8Chicago (2023, September 20). François’ Langur. Bio Explorer. "François’ Langur" Bio Explorer, 20 September 2023, "François’ Langur" Bio Explorer, September 20 2023.
Key References
  • [1]“François’ Langur | San Francisco Zoo & Gardens”. Accessed September 04, 2022. Link.


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