How To Become An Ophthalmologist?

How to become an ophthalmologist?
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An ophthalmologist is a medical specialist that specializes in treating eye diseases and problems with sight. There are many different kinds of doctors within Ophthalmology namely Optometrist, Optician and Orthoptist.

In this page, explore how to become an ophthalmologist, required educational qualifications and how much one can earn per year as Salary in the United States.

Table of Contents

How to become an Ophthalmologist?

In order to become an ophthalmologist, an aspiring student needs to:

  • Graduate from high school with a high GPA, especially in life sciences and math;
  • Complete a 4-year pre-med/Biology degree;
  • Volunteer in a medicine-related facility;
  • Pass the Medical college admission test (MCAT);
  • Enter a licensed medical school;
  • Complete the 4 years of required initial medical training and obtain the Doctor of Medicine degree (M.D.);
  • Pass the 3 stages of the United States Medical Licensing Exam (USMLE);
  • Complete three-year residency in ophthalmology/eye surgery;
  • Choose a fellowship in a subspecialty:
    • Glaucoma (1 year);
    • Neuro-ophthalmology (1 year);
    • Retina disorders and microsurgery (2 years);
    • Corneal transplantation (2 years);
    • Plastic and reconstructive surgery (1-2 years);
    • Pediatric ophthalmology (one can also complete a pediatric residency and join an ophthalmology residency or fellowship afterward in order to become a pediatric ophthalmologist);
  • Get certified by the American Board of Ophthalmology:

Average Salary for ophthalmologists

An average salary for an ophthalmologist in the USA is between $245,286 to $333,801 per annum.

Cite this article as: "How To Become An Ophthalmologist?," in Bio Explorer, September 27, 2020,

Key References

  • “Ophthalmologist | Job Description | Education | Requirements”. Accessed December 10, 2019. Link.
  • “Physician – Ophthalmology Salary |”. Accessed December 10, 2019. Link.

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