Biochemistry News in 2017: Biochemistry is also known as biological chemistry. It is the study of chemical processes within the living organisms. In this article, we will explore all breakthroughs, innovations and Nobel prize winners in Biochemistry for the year 2017.
Table of Contents
- Top Biochemistry News In 2017
- 1. Moosy 32Enose – An Electronic Nose
- 2. The Hybrid-SOEC System
- 3. Microneedle – Type 2 Diabetes Therapy
- 4. New Methods For Manipulating Nucleosides
- 5. New DNA Hybrid Technique in Biomedicine
- 6. Nup98 Protein in Leukemia
- 7. New Synthetic DNA Molecule For Production of Proteins
- 8. Production of Digoxin By Gut Bacteria Protects Heart
- 9. Metagenome Sequence Data For Identifying Protein Structures
- 10. Innovation in Drug Designing Protein Structures
- 11. Breakthrough Diagnostic Tool For Neurodegenerative Disorders
- 12. Innovation In Cystic Fibrosis Drug Development
- 13. Accurate Biomarkers Diagnostic Test For DNA Damages
- 14. Nobel Prize Winners in Biochemistry For 2017
Top Biochemistry News In 2017
1. Moosy 32Enose – An Electronic Nose
The first and most important biochemistry news in 2017 is Moosy 32Enose. Researchers developed a technology that can help sniff disease, called the Moosy 32eNose. This new device can help differentiate between patients with Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. In the future, the electronic nose could be used to detect pancreatic cancer or to detect microbial contamination of water.
2. The Hybrid-SOEC System
A team of scientists at the Ulsan National Institute of science and technology (UNIST) has developed a new system for efficient hydrogen production. This new technology called the Hybrid-SOEC system produces hydrogen in a highly efficient and cost-effective way compared to its predecessor. Its efficiency is known to be four-fold higher than existing water-electrolysis based methods.
3. Microneedle – Type 2 Diabetes Therapy
The next breakthrough Biochemistry news in 2017 was an intelligent device called Microneedle. Researchers have developed an intelligent device that can monitor blood sugar levels and in response, release biochemical to regulate blood glucose levels. These are essentially dissolvable microneedles arranged in a patch that can manage blood glucose levels for a few days.
4. New Methods For Manipulating Nucleosides
A group of scientists at the city college of New York has developed new methods of manipulating nucleosides to form complex analog efficiently and easily.
5. New DNA Hybrid Technique in Biomedicine
Researchers at the University of McGill have merged DNA with polymer particles. This new hybrid technique can further be used in biomedicine, the creation of porous membranes, etc.
6. Nup98 Protein in Leukemia
The next exciting Biochemistry news for 2017 is Nup98 Protein. In a new study, the blood cell maturation mechanism was elucidated, and how they differentiate into specialized cells. This research was found to be mediated by a protein called Nup98, which functioned as a control point for the movement of molecules from the nucleus. Also, the mechanism that disrupts this process to give way to the development of leukemia was uncovered.
7. New Synthetic DNA Molecule For Production of Proteins
Scientists have further developed the synthetic DNA molecule not only to perform replication within cells but also to translate and produce proteins. This innovation may allow the creation of novel and augmented proteins different from those found in organisms and can be used for various types of treatment.
8. Production of Digoxin By Gut Bacteria Protects Heart
The next biochemistry breakthrough in 2017 is that researchers at Harvard University have studied how gut bacteria interact with each other and their hosts. The production of Digoxin by gut bacteria, thus protecting the heart, was discovered. They also went on to elucidate how a certain protein produced by gut microbes was able to break down an amino acid present in eukaryotes but rare in bacteria.
9. Metagenome Sequence Data For Identifying Protein Structures
Computation tools that helped collect a wide range of protein sequence data allowed researchers to predict and model the structure of 600 previously unknown protein structures.
10. Innovation in Drug Designing Protein Structures
Researchers at the Scripps research institute have found novel structural features in a fundamental protein used in drug designing. This discovery can now enable scientists to study new ways to target diseases. About 40% of drug targets are based on this protein. The study describes details into the structure of this protein to reveal its signaling mechanism.
11. Breakthrough Diagnostic Tool For Neurodegenerative Disorders
Scientists at the Linkoping University in Sweden have developed shining molecules in the brain to differentiate between different proteins. This novel technology can be used as a diagnostic tool for neurodegenerative disorders. The technology is based on tracer molecules that recognize and bind to particular proteins, following which they emit light, thus illuminating a shine.
12. Innovation In Cystic Fibrosis Drug Development
Researchers at the University of Zurich have identified the detailed structure of a chloride channel that is a common target for the development of drugs for cystic fibrosis, using cryo-electron microscopy.
13. Accurate Biomarkers Diagnostic Test For DNA Damages
The next ground-breaking biochemistry news in 2017 is that a novel high accuracy diagnostic test for biomarkers was developed by researchers at Georgetown University that could potentially identify which compounds can cause DNA damage leading to cancer in humans.
14. Nobel Prize Winners in Biochemistry For 2017
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has chosen to confer the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2017 to three brilliant scholars namely Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank, and Richard Henderson for developing cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution. This development of cryo-electron microscopy enables and improves the imaging of biomolecules, which in turn advances the biochemistry to the new era.
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