Myanmar Snub-nosed Monkey

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cercopithecidae Rhinopithecus Rhinopithecus strykeri
IUCN Status: Critically-Endangered
  • Common Name: Myanmar Snub-nosed Monkey
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 2011
  • Monkey Size: 53 to 55 cm (20.8 to 21.65 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Black
  • Habitat: Forests
  • Diet: Herbivorous
  • Native Countries: Myanmar, China

Myanmar Snub-nosed Monkey Distribution

Myanmar Snub-Nosed Monkey Characteristics

The Myanmar snub-nosed monkey[1] or black snub-nosed monkey (Rhinopithecus strykeri) is an endangered Colobino monkey species discovered in northern Burma (Myanmar) in 2010.

  • The monkey’s fur is mostly black. Its crown is a thin, tall crest of long black hair that curves forward.
  • It has prominent white ear tufts, a primarily bare face with pale pink skin, a “mustache” of whitish hair above the upper lip, and a distinctive white goatee.
  • The perineal area is white and well-defined, and the extremities are predominantly black; the inside of the arms and thighs are dark brown.
  • The lips protrude, and the nose is turned up, which makes the animal sneeze when it rains.
  • As with other snub-nosed monkeys (members of Rhinopithecus), there is marked sexual dimorphism, with males having relatively larger bodies.
  • These Asian primates’ tails are relatively long, usually around 1.4 times their body length.

Myanmar Snub-Nosed Monkey Facts

  • The species is known in local Lisu dialects as “mey nwoah and in Law Waw as myuk na tok te“, both of which mean “an upturned face monkey “.
  • The Myanmar snub-nosed monkey spends the summer months in the temperate mixed forest at the higher elevations of its range, descending to lower elevations in winter to escape the snow.
  • Unlike other snub-nosed monkeys, which mostly live on the ground, Myanmar snub-nosed monkeys are highly arboreal, spending much of their time in trees.
  • Locals say these monkeys are easy to spot in the rain, as they often have rainwater on their upturned noses, causing them to sneeze.
  • Summer months are spent at higher elevations in a mixed temperate forest. In winter, they descend closer to villages when snowfall makes it difficult to access food.

Suggested Reading: Kinds of Monkeys

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BioExplorer.net. (2023, January 31). Myanmar Snub-nosed Monkey. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/myanmar-snub-nosed-monkey/.
BioExplorer.net. "Myanmar Snub-nosed Monkey" Bio Explorer, 31 January 2023, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/myanmar-snub-nosed-monkey/.
BioExplorer.net. "Myanmar Snub-nosed Monkey" Bio Explorer, January 31 2023. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/myanmar-snub-nosed-monkey/.
Key References
  • [1]“The Critically Endangered Myanmar snub-nosed monkey Rhinopithecus strykeri found in the Salween River Basin, China | Oryx | Cambridge Core”. Accessed December 04, 2022. Link.

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