Divisions of Biology: Botany

Botany is another name for plant biology. It is a branch of science that covers subjects and researches relevant to the study of plants only. In the historical ages, botany was prevalent as herbalism. Mankind made efforts to track down and figure out the various families of plants in order to differentiate between medicinal plants, edible plants and poisonous plants.

Gradually the technique of herbalism evolved and embraced new cutting-edge methods of studying all plants more accurately. Eventually it gained the name Botany, derived from the very ancient Greek word ‘Botane’ meaning pasture or grass. Other than herbs, shrubs and trees, botany also involves the study of algae and fungi.

History of Botany

History of Botany

Botany is the systematic and scientific study of plants. The history of botany goes as far as to 4th century B.C.E. Check out timeline of botany history.
Modern Botany is a broad subject focusing on various disciplines of science studies. Today, methods like life cell imaging, plant chemistry, optical microscopy and electron microscopy are used to study plant variables. In-fact, these techniques are practiced to learn about a plant’s chromosome count, enzyme and protein functions, its DNA sequence and also the molecular genetics patterns of the experimenting plant.

Researching about plants is not a cakewalk. From a plant structure to its metabolism, evolutionary relationships and taxonomy, each and every step is big-league.

Why is Botany an important branch of science?

Living organisms, both humans and animals depend on plants for nutrition and oxygen. Plants, cyanobacteria and algae are rich resources of oxygen. They also absorb the natural energy of sunlight and convert it into carbon-dioxide and water to facilitate the production of natural sugar that is again harnessed as a rich source of chemical energy and organic molecules. The entire process is termed as Photosynthesis.

In a nutshell, plants play a very crucial role in shaping the future of human society. From food to oxygen, medicines and other beneficial products, plants are classified as vital living beings. On studying botany and executing successful research works, the scope of making discoveries, multiplying the supply of food, fiber and medicines is quite evident.

Careers in Botany

Botany is a branch of science that covers a wide variety of subjects like Biology, Heredity, Plant Anatomy, Morphology and Evolution, Ecology, Plant Geography, Genetics and many others. As a result, there are multiple of job opportunities waiting for you. Some of them are:

  • Education Professionals
  • Plant Scientists
  • Plant Biologists
  • Professionals in the field of agriculture and horticulture
  • Conservationists responsible in managing parks, forests and natural wild areas


Here are the excellent resources on botany around the web. Botany
A page of links and articles.

BioScience Research Tool: Botany
Specialized directory of online tools and resources selected for Botanists, Plant Physiologists, and Plant Molecular Geneticists.

Botanic Garden of Irkutsk State University
Virtual tour and excursion at plant collections of the Botanic Garden of the Irkutsk State University, Siberia, Russia. Rare and endangered plants, gardening and horticulture, economical botany and ethnobotany, conservation of biodiversity, Lake Baikal.

Botanical Authors Database
Search the database of authors who contributed to the contents of the catalog of type specimens in the Harvard University Herbaria.

Botanical collections of Belarus
Information about addresses, personals, lists of taxa, publications and legislation of botanical collections o Belarus.

Botanical Publications Database
Database of publications used to verify the entry of publication names in the Harvard Herbaria catalog.

Botanical Society of America Image Collection
Collection of 14 sets of educational file for instructional use, with search capability.

Botany.Com, the Encyclopedia of Plants, is your complete resource for all of your Gardening Needs.It provides information regarding the general description of the plants, the various methods of cultivation, such as indoor or outdoor planting, soil and temperature requirements, pruning, and other important details, the means of propagation (seeds, cuttings, division, etc.), and the different varieties and hybrids.

Botresearch USA
a botanical research and biotechnology organization specializing in tissue culture, photomicroscopy, and the production of educational materials for universities.

We provide access to information about all 8375 currently recognized vascular plants in California, including over 670,000 records of plant observations and 20,000 photographs. Users may browse these collections by scientific or common names, or search by name, location, and other attributes.

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