Siamang Gibbon

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Hylobatidae Symphalangus Symphalangus syndactylus
IUCN Status: Endangered
  • Common Name: Siamang Gibbon
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1821
  • Monkey Size: 71 to 90 cm (27.95 to 35.43 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Dark black
  • Habitat: Forest, rainforest
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Native Countries: Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand

Siamang Distribution

Siamang Gibbon Characteristics

Siamang Gibbon

The siamang[1] gibbon (Symphalangus syndactylus) is a black-coated arboreal gibbon endemic to the forests of Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia. It is the only species in the genus Symphalangus.

Siamang Gibbon

All siamang gibbons can be distinguished from other gibbons in two ways:

  • A bare throat sac (also called a gular sac) can expand to the size of a siamang head when inflated before telephoning.
  • Straps between the second and third toes, the usefulness of which is not yet known. This strap gives the siamang its scientific name, Symphalangus syndactylus, which translates from ancient Greek as “joined phalanx” + “joined finger“.

Siamang Gibbon

The siamang’s body is perfectly adapted to a life of swinging from branch to branch (also called brachiation).

  • As with other gibbons, its arms are incredibly long, with a wingspan sometimes twice its body length.
  • To get a better grip on branches, Siamang thumbs are shorter and lower on the hand, so they don’t get in the way.
  • This trait can also be seen in the hands of orangutans, spider monkeys, and other gibbons.
  • Siamangs have dark black fur and gray or reddish hair scattered around their bare face. Its fur is relatively shaggy compared to other gibbons.

Siamang Gibbon Facts

Symphalangus Syndactylus

  • Siamangs are diurnal, waking at dawn and retiring with their family to the highest branches of a single tree at dusk, where they sleep at night.
  • They live in small groups of 3-6 individuals. The family consists of a monogamous pair of adult siamangs and their young who have not yet left the family.
  • Calls are generally used to establish territory, but mating pairs may sing together to strengthen their bond.
  • Almost all siamangs are monogamous, with a breeding pair producing one newborn every 2 to 3 years.
  • Siamangs have no known natural predators thanks to their size, maneuverability, and secure position in trees.

Suggested Reading: List of Apes

Cite This Page

APA7MLA8Chicago (2023, September 28). Siamang Gibbon. Bio Explorer. "Siamang Gibbon" Bio Explorer, 28 September 2023, "Siamang Gibbon" Bio Explorer, September 28 2023.
Key References
  • [1]“Siamang – Wisconsin National Primate Research Center – UW-Madison”. Accessed October 23, 2022. Link.


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