Hainan Black Crested Gibbon

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Hylobatidae Nomascus Nomascus hainanus
Hainan Crested Gibbon
IUCN Status: Critically-Endangered
  • Common Names: Hainan Crested Gibbon, Hainan Gibbon
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1892
  • Monkey Size: 48.4 to 49.1 cm (19.05 to 19.33)
  • Skin Color(s): Brownish buff or black
  • Habitat: Rainforest, mountains
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Native Countries: China

Hainan Crested Gibbon Distribution

Hainan Black-Crested Gibbon Characteristics

Hainan Black Crested Gibbon

The Hainan Black-crested Gibbon[1] (Nomascus hainanus), also known as Hainan gibbon, is an endangered species of gibbon only found on China’s Hainan Island.

  • Adult males and juveniles have an all-black coat, while females are tan with black hairs appearing on their limbs as they age.
  • Both males and females have a large crest of black fur on their heads.
  • The crest measures about 10 by 3 cm. Also, females have distinctive white rings on their faces.
  • Babies are born reddish brown and turn black in 5-6 months.

Hainan Black-Crested Gibbon Facts

  • Hainan black-crested gibbons are found in social groups of females, infants, juveniles, and sometimes males.
  • Often, they perform morning duets between female and male pairs.
  • Hainan black-crested gibbons are one of only 3 gibbon species where the female species makes vocalizations during mating.
  • Choosing trees to roost is an anti-predator behavior for gibbons. Often, they roost in the tallest trees in an area that protects them from most terrestrial predators.
  • Hainan black-crested gibbons have acquired specific reproductive adaptations in response to their severely reduced natural habitat.

Suggested Reading: Types of Apes

Cite This Page

BioExplorer.net. (2023, November 28). Hainan Black-Crested Gibbon. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/apes/hainan-black-crested-gibbon/.
BioExplorer.net. "Hainan Black-Crested Gibbon" Bio Explorer, 28 November 2023, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/apes/hainan-black-crested-gibbon/.
BioExplorer.net. "Hainan Black-Crested Gibbon" Bio Explorer, November 28 2023. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/apes/hainan-black-crested-gibbon/.
Key References
  • [1]“Primates-SG – Hainan Gibbon”. Accessed October 22, 2022. Link.


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