Panama Monkeys: Panama, officially known as the Republic of Panama, is a nation located on the isthmus that connects Central and South America.
Panama is home to 8 species of New World monkeys which make up 6 genera; however, none of these species are endemic to the nation. Examples of these species include the Panamanian night monkey (Aotus zonalis), the brown-headed spider monkey (Ateles fusciceps), and the mantled howler monkey (Alouatta palliata).
Interestingly, in 2012, 21 million-year-old teeth fossils were found in the Panama Canal; they were eventually confirmed to belong to the oldest known ancestor of the capuchin monkeys of today.
Additionally, this discovery served as the oldest fossil-based evidence for the theory that monkeys once traveled across the sea from what is now South America to North America.
Species Name: Ateles fusciceps Native Countries: Colombia,Ecuador,Panama
The black-headed spider monkey is a species of New-World monkey native to Central and South America. The species name "Ateles" is derived from the Greek word "ateleia" meaning imperfect or incomplete. It was likely chosen because these monkeys do not have a thumb.
Species Name: Saimiri oerstedii Native Countries: Costa Rica,Panama
The Central American squirrel monkey also called the red-backed squirrel monkey, is a squirrel monkey type native to the Pacific coast of Panama and Costa Rica. Central American squirrel monkeys spend most of their lives in the middle and upper layers of the tree canopy.
Species Name: Ateles geoffroyi Native Countries: Mexico,Costa Rica,Belize,El Salvador,Honduras,Guatemala,Panama,Nicaragua
Geoffroy's spider monkey also called the Central American spider monkey or black-handed spider monkey, is a species of spider monkey. The species name geoffroyi is honored by Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, a French naturalist.
Species Name: Saguinus geoffroyi Native Countries: Costa Rica,Panama,Colombia
Geoffroy's tamarin, also called the Panamanian tamarin, red-crested tamarin, or rufous-naped marmoset tamarin, is a tamarin, a small monkey found in Colombia and Panama. In what may seem like a role reversal in many monkey species, Geoffroy's tamarins are led by the oldest female in a group.
Species Name: Aotus zonalis Native Countries: Panama,Colombia
The Panamanian night monkey or Chocoan night monkey (Aotus zonalis) is a species of night monkey formerly considered a subspecies of the grey-bellied night monkey in the Aotidae family. Panamanian night monkeys are sympatric with other species. They do not compete for resources with other animals in their range due to their alternate schedules.
Species Name: Cebus imitator Native Countries: Panama
The Panamanian white-faced capuchin (Cebus mimic), also called the Panamanian white-headed capuchin or the Central American white-faced capuchin is a mid-sized New World monkey in the Cebidae family. Native to Central American forests, the Panamanian white-faced capuchin is vital to rainforest ecology for its role in seed and pollen dispersal.
Species Name: Cebus capucinus Native Countries: Panama,Colombia,Ecuador
White-throated capuchins, also called the white-headed capuchins, Colombian white-throated capuchins, and white-faced capuchins, are New World monkeys native to the tropical rainforests of western Colombia, Ecuador, and Panama.