Old World monkeys hail from two continents, Africa and Asia, living in various terrains, including rainforests, savannah, mountains, and shrublands. Old-World Monkeys are the largest primate family in the world. Baboons, macaques, colobus, Guenons, and langurs are examples of old-world monkeys.
New World monkeys come from tropical regions of central and south American countries. Marmosets, sakis, night monkeys, spider monkeys, Uakaris, and tamarins are examples of New-World Monkeys.
Old-World Monkeys vs New-World Monkeys
|Aspect||Old World Monkeys||New World Monkeys|
|Taxonomic Family||Cercopithecidae.||Cebidae, Callitrichidae, Atelidae, Pitheciidae, and Aotidae.|
|Geographic Origin||Africa and Asia.||The Americas.|
|Relative Body Size||Medium to large-sized.||Small to medium-sized.|
|Diet||Either herbivorous or omnivorous depending on the subfamily.||Varies a lot by species, but many are frugivorous or insectivorous.|
|Active Time||All species are diurnal.||All species are diurnal except for the 11 night monkey species (which are nocturnal).|
|Hands||They possess nails and opposable thumbs.||They possess no nails and non-opposable thumbs.|
|Tail||Non-prehensile.||Prehensile or non-prehensile depending on the species.|
|Teeth||Dental formula of 188.8.131.52 (meaning each quadrant of the mouth has 2 incisors, 1 canine, 2 premolars, and 3 molars).||Dental formula of 184.108.40.206 (meaning each quadrant of the mouth has 2 incisors, 1 canine, 3 premolars, and 3 molars).|
|Eyes||Trichromatic vision.||Depending on the species and sex, vision can be monochromatic, dichromatic, or trichromatic.|
|Nose||Downward-facing nose and nostrils.||Flat, broad nose with sideways-facing nostrils.|
|Sexual Behaviour||Most species fall somwhere between polygynous and polygynandrous.||Smaller species tend to stick to monogamy, while larger ones are typically polygamous.|
|Gestation||Gestation period is typically around 5 to 7 months.||Gestation period is, on average, about 5 months.|
Cite This Page
BioExplorer.net. (2023, June 01). Old World Monkeys Vs. New World Monkeys. Bio Explorer. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/differences/.
BioExplorer.net. "Old World Monkeys Vs. New World Monkeys" Bio Explorer, 01 June 2023, https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/differences/.
BioExplorer.net. "Old World Monkeys Vs. New World Monkeys" Bio Explorer, June 01 2023. https://www.bioexplorer.net/animals/mammals/monkeys/differences/.