Preuss's Red Colobus

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cercopithecidae Piliocolobus Piliocolobus preussi
IUCN Status: Critically-Endangered
  • Common Name: Preuss’s Red Colobus
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1900
  • Monkey Size: 45 to 67 cm (17.72 to 26.38 in)
  • Skin Color(s): Black
  • Habitat: Forest
  • Diet: Herbivorous
  • Native Countries: Cameroon, Nigeria

Preuss’s Red Colobus Distribution

Preuss’s Red Colobus Characteristics

Preuss’s red colobus[1] (Piliocolobus preussi) is native to the Cross-Sanaga Rivers eco-region.

  • Preuss’s red colobus has a black head with a gray face.
  • As the name suggests, they have patches of fur in varying shades of red, with orange cheeks, orange and black backs, and dark red tails.
  • Their belly, chest, and inner limbs are cream-colored.

Preuss’s Red Colobus Facts

  • They are restricted to small areas in Cameroon and Nigeria but once occupied a much larger area.
  • Preuss’s colobus monkeys live in groups of up to 70 individuals. However, group size can vary widely and is likely influenced by predation and habitat quality.
  • The female species give birth to a child every two years after a gestation period of 4 to 6 months.
  • Preuss’s red colobus monkeys likely play a role in structuring the forest ecosystem due to the amount of leaves they eat.
  • The species is critically endangered due to hunting pressure and habitat destruction, according to the IUCN Red List.

Cite This Page

APA7MLA8Chicago (2023, November 28). Preuss’s Red Colobus. Bio Explorer. "Preuss’s Red Colobus" Bio Explorer, 28 November 2023, "Preuss’s Red Colobus" Bio Explorer, November 28 2023.
Key References
  • [1]“Population status, threats, and conservation of Preuss’s red colobus (Piliocolobus preussi) and other diurnal primates in thecolobus (Piliocolobus preussi) and other diurnal primates in the Ndokbou forest, Littoral Region, CameroonNdokbou forest, Littoral Region, Cameroo”. Accessed November 26, 2022. Link.


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