Barbary Macaque

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Primates Cercopithecidae Macaca Macaca sylvanus
Barbary Macaque
IUCN Status: Endangered
  • Common Name: Barbary Macaque
  • Taxonomy Classification Year: 1758
  • Monkey Size: 55 to 70 cm (21.6 to 27.6 inches)
  • Skin Color(s): Light yellowish brown
  • Habitat: Mountains, Forests
  • Diet: Omnivorous
  • Native Countries: Algeria, Morocco, Gibraltar

Barbary Macaque Distribution

Barbary Macaque Characteristics

Barbary Macaque

The Barbary macaque[1], also called the Magot macaque, is a macaque endemic to the Atlas Mountains in Morocco and Algeria and a small introduced population in Gibraltar.

  • A thick, silky layer of yellowish-brown to gray fur covers the Barbary macaque’s body; its lower part is lighter.
  • Their narrow nose and deep pink face are devoid of fur.
  • Like all macaques, the species has long canines, powerful jaws, and cheek pouches (storing snacks).
  • The front limbs of these old-world monkeys are relatively more extended than the hind legs.

Barbary Macaque Facts

Macaca Sylvanus

  • The species’ lack of a viable tail (officially known as a vestigial tail, meaning that evolution has seen fit to make it a useless tail) has led to their mischaracterization as Barbary apes. However, all Barbary macaques are monkeys, not apes.
  • Before the Ice Age, they inhabited the Mediterranean coasts and most of Europe, as far away as the British Isles and Germany.
  • Social and outgoing, Barbary macaques live in mixed groups (called troops) of 12 to over 60 animals with an average of 24 members.
  • To warn troop members of potential danger, particularly predators, Barbary macaques employ alarm calls of varying loudness and pitch.
  • Like other primates, these macaque monkeys spend much time grooming themselves, a hobby that helps build strong social bonds.

Cite This Page

APA7MLA8Chicago (2023, October 02). Barbary Macaque. Bio Explorer. "Barbary Macaque" Bio Explorer, 02 October 2023, "Barbary Macaque" Bio Explorer, October 02 2023.
Key References
  • [1]“The Amazing World of The Barbary Macaque” – Wild Futures. Accessed August 03, 2022. Link.


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