Eastern Screech Owl

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Eastern Screech Owl

Eastern Screech Owl can be found in the eastern part of North America (hence the name) and is part of the group, Strigidae (True owls). It is found especially in wooded biomes (deciduous forests and such). Note there is western screech owl as well.

Kingdom Order Family Genus Species
Animalia Strigiformes Strigidae Megascops Megascops asio

Characteristics of Eastern Screech Owl

  • anatomy

    Anatomy

    The length of an adult snowy owl ranges from 52 – 71 cm. Their height is anywhere between 55 – 75 cm. The wingspan of an adult ranges from 126 – 145 cm. The weight of an adult ranges from 1600 – 2950 g. Its tail length is 8 ¾ – 10 ¾ in. The females of this species are just a tiny bit bigger.

    Their eyes are golden yellow, but they are pretty small compared to other owl species.

  • appearance

    Appearance

    This bird can be either almost completely grey or almost completely reddish-brown but it has yellow eyes either way. It is good at camouflage because of the spots on its body. This species is one of the smaller ones as the adults are only about 23cm tall, but their feet are pretty big compared to its body.

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    Sound Call

    Eastern Screech Owl sound - call
  • owl-video

    Documentary

  • predators

    Predators

    Predators of this owl includes weasels, American minks, black rat snakes, skunks, ring-tails, and more.

  • Diet

    Diet

    Owls of this species eat a lot of insects and invertebrates take up half its diet which includes moths, cicadas, beetles, crickets, grasshoppers and more but if needed will eat any other insect that can fly. It also eats snails, spiders, leeches, millipedes, and rodents such as rats and squirrels.

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    Lifespan

    In captivity this owl can live up to almost 20 years but they live for only about 14 years in the wild.

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    Interesting Facts

    It adapts surprisingly well to man-made structures. This owl is not easy to be seen and much more likely to be heard. The early Indians thought that owls were the birds of wisdom. This owl is also known as the Arctic Owl or the Great White owl.

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    Subspecies

    There are five subspecies of the Eastern Screech Owl. They are:
    M. a. Asio: Can be found in Canada and U.S.A. and its upper body is cold gray and red.
    M. a. maxwelliae: Can be found in Canada and U.S.A. and their upper body is pale white grey and red.
    M. a. hasbroucki: Can be found in U.S.A. and their upper body is bright grey and red.
    M. a. mccallii: Can be found U.S.A. and Europe and their upper body is also white grey and red.
    M. a. floridanus: Can be found in U.S.A. and their upper body is reddish-brown.

Cite this article as: "Eastern Screech Owl," in Bio Explorer, August 13, 2017, https://www.bioexplorer.net/divisions_of_biology/zoology/ornithology/types-of-owls/eastern-screech-owl/.

References

  • [1]“Eastern Screech-Owl, Identification, All About Birds – Cornell Lab of Ornithology”. Accessed August 13, 2017. Link.
  • [2]“Eastern Screech Owl Facts – Eastern Screech Owl Habitat & Behavior”. Accessed August 13, 2017. Link.
  • [3]“Eastern Screech Owls • Kids Corner • Lake Erie Nature & Science Center”. Accessed August 13, 2017. Link.
  • [4]“Eastern Screech Owl | National Geographic”. Accessed August 13, 2017. Link.
  • [5]“BioKIDS – Kids’ Inquiry of Diverse Species, Otus asio, eastern screech owl: INFORMATION”. Accessed August 13, 2017. Link.
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