Branches of Biology / Divisions of Biology

Branches of Biology / Divisions of Biology

Here are the different branches of biology (or divisions of biology) and their definitions & their related resources.

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    Anatomy

    Anatomy is the branch of biology that deals with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.
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    Biochemistry

    Biochemistry is the branch of biology concerned with the chemical and physicochemical processes that occur within living organisms.
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    Biophysics

    Biophysics is the science of the application of the laws of physics to biological phenomena.
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    Biotechnology

    Biotechnology is the exploitation of biological processes such as genetic manipulation of micro-organisms for the production of antibiotics, hormones, etc.
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    Botany

    Botany is the scientific study of plants, including their physiology, structure, genetics, and ecology.
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    Cell Biology

    Cell biology is the study of cell structure and function, and it revolves around the concept that the cell is the fundamental unit of life.
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    Ecology

    Ecology is the branch of biology that deals with the relations of organisms to one another and to their physical surroundings.
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    Evolution

    Evolution is the process by which different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth (Darwinism).
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    Genetics

    Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.
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    Immunology

    Immunology is the branch of medicine and biology concerned with immunity.
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    Marine Biology

    Marine biology is the scientific study of organisms in the ocean or other marine bodies of water.
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    Microbiology

    Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms, those being unicellular, multicellular, or acellular.
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    Molecular Biology

    Molecular biology is the branch of biology that deals with the structure and function of the proteins and nucleic acids.
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    Mycology

    Mycology is the scientific study of fungi.
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    Parasitology

    Parasitology is the branch of biology or medicine concerned with the study of parasitic organisms.
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    Photobiology

    Photobiology is the scientific study of the interactions of light and living organisms.
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    Phycology

    Phycology is the scientific study of algae.
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    Physiology

    Physiology is the branch of biology that deals with the normal functions of living organisms and their parts.
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    Plant Physiology

    Plant physiology is a sub-discipline of botany concerned with the functioning, or physiology, of plants.
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    Radiobiology

    Radiobiology is a branch of biology that involves the study of the action of ionizing radiation on living things.
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    Structural Biology

    Structural biology is a branch of molecular biology, biochemistry, and biophysics dealing with the molecular structure of biological macro-molecules.
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    Theoretical Biology

    Theoretical biology (aka Mathematical biology) is an interdisciplinary scientific research field with a range of applications in biology, biotechnology, and medicine.
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    Virology

    Virology is the branch of science that deals with the study of viruses.
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    Zoology

    Zoology is the scientific study of the behavior, structure, physiology, classification, and distribution of animals.

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